While most children benefit from having time outdoors, for some youngsters it is triggering feelings of anxiety and despair due to fears over climate change.
These ‘troubling emotions’ and their link to climate change have been studied by University of Colombia researchers for the British Ecological Society.
In the first of its kind study to focus on children and teenagers connecting with nature, the team conducted a full review of other studies, articles and books.
Children and teenagers were triggered by the natural world and their inability to control what was happening to the ‘unravelling biosphere’, the team said.
The authors found that measures currently used to connect children to the natural world can help others cope with feelings of fear linked to climate change.
These ‘troubling emotions’ and their link to climate change have been studied by University of Colombia researchers for the British Ecological Society. Stock image
Within the past generation children’s lives have largely moved indoors with the loss of free-ranging exploration of the natural world, the team said.
‘In response, many conservation organisations advocate connecting children with nature, and there has been rising interest in measuring young people’s connectedness with nature,’ authors wrote.
The review found that connecting with nature has many positive benefits for the wellbeing of a young person including improving health and happiness.
However, it wasn’t universally positive, according to study author Dr Louise Chawla, who said connecting with nature was a ‘complex experience’ for many teenagers.
In the first of its kind study to focus on children and teenagers connecting with nature, the team conducted a full review of other studies, articles and books
Many children know they are inheriting a changing world that is likely to get worse and this leads them to feelings of anxiety and despair, said Chawla.
That doesn’t mean it was all bad news, the team say that despite the strong emotions, there are significant benefits from being outdoors more often.
‘There is strong evidence that children are happier, healthier, function better, know more about the environment, and are more likely to take action to protect the natural world when they spend time in nature,’ Chawla said.
Several studies found that children’s connection with nature increased with time spent in natural environments.
This new study, which involved multiple pieces of literature, found time spent in the great outdoors was a ‘predictor’ for active care for nature in adulthood.
The findings support strategies and policies that ensure that young people have access to wild areas, parks, gardens, green neighbourhoods, and naturalised grounds at schools, the team said.
For those who are triggered when out in nature by the feeling of despair they ‘can’t fix climate change’ that despair reduces the chance they’ll take any action.
The review found an ‘overlap’ in the strategies used to increase children’s feelings of connection with nature and supporting them with the feelings of despair.
Professor Chawla said that these strategies include helping young people learn what they can do to protect the natural world.
Many children know they are inheriting a changing world that is likely to get worse and this leads them to feelings of anxiety and despair, said Chawla. Stock image
This is working both as individuals and working collectively with others, she said.
The Research covered in the review found that young people are more likely to believe a better world is possible when friends, family and teachers listen sympathetically to their fears and give them a safe space to share their emotions.
Chawla said that one of the most surprising findings from the review was the ‘complete disconnect’ between researchers studying the benefits of childhood connection to nature and those studying responses to environmental threats.
She added: ‘People who study children’s connection with nature and those who study their coping with environmental risk and loss have been pursuing separate directions without referencing or engaging with each other.
‘I am arguing that researchers on both sides need to be paying attention to each other’s work and learning from each other’.
The findings have been published in the journal People and Nature.
EXTINCTION LOOMS FOR MORE THAN ONE MILLION SPECIES
Nature is in more trouble now than at any time in human history with extinction looming over one million species of plants and animals, experts say.
That’s the key finding of the United Nations‘ (UN) first comprehensive report on biodiversity – the variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat.
The report – published on May 6, 2019 – says species are being lost at a rate tens or hundreds of times faster than in the past.
Many of the worst effects can be prevented by changing the way we grow food, produce energy, deal with climate change and dispose of waste, the report said.
The report’s 39-page summary highlighted five ways people are reducing biodiversity:
– Turning forests, grasslands and other areas into farms, cities and other developments. The habitat loss leaves plants and animals homeless. About three-quarters of Earth’s land, two-thirds of its oceans and 85% of crucial wetlands have been severely altered or lost, making it harder for species to survive, the report said.
– Overfishing the world’s oceans. A third of the world’s fish stocks are overfished.
– Permitting climate change from the burning of fossil fuels to make it too hot, wet or dry for some species to survive. Almost half of the world’s land mammals – not including bats – and nearly a quarter of the birds have already had their habitats hit hard by global warming.
– Polluting land and water. Every year, 300 to 400 million tons of heavy metals, solvents and toxic sludge are dumped into the world’s waters.
– Allowing invasive species to crowd out native plants and animals. The number of invasive alien species per country has risen 70 per cent since 1970, with one species of bacteria threatening nearly 400 amphibian species.